Ghana has about 60% of the country’s animal protein, and fish is a popular delicacy. Ghana’s fish supply consists mainly of 47% wild fish, 18% imported fish, 3% farmed fish, and 32% surplus. The annual fishery product and fishery products deficit exceeding half a million tonnes and the high demand for it has prompted the Ghanaian government to encourage local fish farming. They plan to increase fish production from 10,000 MT (FAO), in 2010, to 100,000 tn in 2016. Ghana’s rapid growth in fish farming will help to accelerate its fish feed production.
Current Aquaculture Production
Ghana is a country with excellent aquaculture conditions. It has a great climate for raising tilapia, and other species, and good water quality and quantity. There are also ample labour force and sufficient agricultural resources to supply large quantities of fish feed industry. The government also provides policy support. Today, aquaculture in Ghana is undergoing rapid development. Tilapia is the most popular fish species. It’s widely used in agriculture, marketing, and consumption. Let’s use Tilapia to illustrate the aquaculture production in Ghana.
The Tilapia price ranges from $2.50 to $3.0 per Kilo in Ghana, which is quite high. There are several Tilapia farming types in Ghana: ponds/tanks, dams/dugout/reservoirs, and cages. Cage culture is the most popular Tilapia farming method. This is where fish are raised in cages in existing water bodies, including large reservoirs, farms, rivers, estuaries and farm ponds. The Tilapia’s main location for cage farming is Lake Volta. As you can see, the average annual growth in cage farming from 2009 to 2014 was around 70%. It contributes almost 90% of aquaculture’s total production.
Ghana Fish Feeding
Two main options for obtaining feed for fish farming are locally produced feed or imported feed. Locally produced fish feeds are often not extruded and are of poor quality. Locally produced feed is roughly 30% cheaper than imported feed. Importing feed is not an easy solution. The average cost of Tilapia farming in Ghana is 70% less than the feed cost. The availability of high-quality fish feeds is a major problem in aquaculture development in Ghana. Extruded fish feed is therefore necessary.
Producing Extruded Fish Food
The main steps in fish feed pellet production are material crushing, material mixing-extruding, drying of the pellets, oil spraying and cooling. Extrusion is the most important step. The article-fish feed production line provides detailed information about feed production.
Fish feed production line can be constructed for larger-scale feed production. Feed production lines can be constructed and operated to reduce fish feed costs. This will allow for more fish farming by improving the quality of feed pellets. We are a professional manufacturer of fish extruders and other machines that aid in fish feed production. We have many customers in fish farming around the world, including Nigeria, Ghana, Ghana, and the UK. We are able to help customers select the right machine, provide guidance on machine operation and offer free feed formula.
Fish Farming Prospects in Ghana
Although cultured fish is rapidly developing, it still makes up a small percentage of domestic fish production. Aquaculture in Ghana is limited by a lack of fish feed, fingerlings, inadequate funds, and restricted knowledge. We offer top-quality fish feed extruders for farmers to produce high-quality fish feeds and frequently update farmers’ knowledge about fish farming. To encourage local fish farming, the Ghanaian government has also banned the import of frozen Tilapia. It has also launched a highly ambitious National Aquaculture Design Plan (GNADP), which aims to produce 100,000 tons of farmed fish by the end of 2016. The abundance of business opportunities in Ghanaian fish farms is accelerating extruded fish feed production.