The Best 15 Fish Species to Fish Farming
1. Catfish Farming
In warmer climates, catfish are simple to raise. Catfish can be raised in both tanks and ponds. Catfish are popular due to their health benefits and high market demand.
Farm-raised catfish can be harvested at 18 months old. This ensures that you get a fast return on your investment. There are many catfish species. The three most popular are the blue catfish and channel catfish.
2. Cod Farming
Atlantic cod is a very important fish species on the North American east coast. It is becoming increasingly popular.
The average market size for cod is 2-4kg and can be achieved within 24-36 months of hatching. If you are looking to start a business in cod farming, you will need long-term planning.
3. Eel Farming
Eels are both carnivorous, and catadromous. Eels are a long, snake-like fish that have smooth, thinly scaleless skin. They live in freshwater when they are young, but they move to the sea as they age.
Asia is home to the largest eel-producing region in the world, with China and Asia. Japan and Taiwan are the largest producers.
4. Fish Hatchery
A small-scale fish breeding operation requires a lot of knowledge and skill. A fish hatchery is basically an artificial fish breeding centre. Fish hatcheries also provide juvenile fish for commercial fish farms.
Fish hatchery businesses are highly profitable. It requires a moderate capital investment as well as strategic planning.
5. Grass Carp Farming
Basically, grasscarp is a freshwater fish. This fish is known as the white amur in America. It can be found in lakes, rivers, or reservoirs.
The main challenge in farming grass carp is the provision of water. Natural spawning requires water flow and water level changes.
6. Ornamental fish
The demand for ornamental fishes has increased as aquarium business grows. It is simple to start your own business. You can even consider working from home.
You will need to have basic knowledge and skills in breeding and rearing fish. The most common ornamental fish species include Goldfish, Bloodfin Tetras and White Cloud.
7. Prawn Farming
Freshwater prawns can be raised in concrete and earthen reservoirs as well as in ponds and irrigation ditches. Pond culture is the best option for prawn fishing.
Water exchange is used by most prawn farms to maintain high dissolved oxygen levels and also address other water quality issues. You can also use paddlewheels to increase dissolved oxygen levels in your pond water.
8. Rainbow Trout Farming
Rainbow trout actually come from the Pacific drainages of North America. They can be found anywhere from Alaska to Mexico. The meat has a mild, nut-like taste and the flesh is soft, flaky, tender, and can be white, pink, or orange. Europe,
The rainbow trout is a tough fish that can be spawned quickly, is fast-growing, and is adaptable to many environments. The major producers of rainbow trout are Australia, Chile, Japan and Japan.
9. Rohu Farming – Labeo Rohita
Rohu is actually the most important of the three Indian major carp species that are used in carp polyculture systems. Rohu is an eurythermal species that does not thrive below 14 degrees Celsius.
This species is fast-growing and can grow to approximately 35-45 cm in length, 700-800 grams in one year with normal culture conditions. The ROI of rohu fishing farming is within one year after hatching.
10. Salmon farming
Salmon is a popular fish species, with Atlantic salmon being the most widely farmed. Chinook and Coho are the two other most popular Pacific salmon varieties.
Salmon raised for their meat are vaccinated against disease and require no additional medication. Salmon feed is used to preserve wild fish stocks.
11. Shellfish Farming
Diverse oyster, mussel, and clam species are aquacultured shellfish. Marine aquaculture is increasingly recognized as the best solution to feeding the world’s growing population, with the increasing demand for seafood.
The health benefits of shellfish can be added to a low-fat, balanced diet. They are rich in iron, zinc and copper as well as vitamin B12.
12. Shrimp Farming
Shrimp farming is a very popular aquaculture business. Both freshwater shrimp farming as well as marine culture are very popular worldwide.
Marine shrimp farming is very popular in the United States, Western Europe and certain Asian countries. The quality of your pond is a major factor in the success or failure of your shrimp farming business.
13. Silver Carp Farming
It is relatively easy to start and manage a silver carp company. The business requires a small capital investment. Polyculture farming can also be done with other fish species.
It is a freshwater species that can live in warm climates between 6 and 28 degrees Celsius. Good water quality is essential for silver carp farming to have a high hatching rate.
14. Tilapia Farming
The third most popular fish in aquaculture or fish farming is the tilapia. The first two are carp and salmon. Tilapia’s high protein, large size and growth potential make them very popular.
Tilapia, a tropical fish, needs warmer water to survive. The ideal water temperature for tilapia is between 28 and 30 degrees C.
15. Tuna Farming
Tuna are carnivorous, and will eat other fish. These are saltwater fish that are essential in commercial fish farming. Japan is the largest consumer of tuna. There are many species of tuna, including bluefin and yellowfin. Tuna farming can be quite complex.
The fish are very active and “massive”, so it is difficult to replicate their natural environment. Tuna can be raised in net pens off the coast or in recirculation systems.
Which fish is the most profitable to farm?
It is difficult to determine which fish is most profitable to raise as it all depends on market demand. It is possible for a fish to do poorly locally, but it can be very profitable abroad.
According to statistics, tilapia has become the most lucrative fish to raise in many countries. It is a popular species, and it is also the most commonly eaten fish in the world. This fish breeds best in warm water (82 to 86 degrees F) and can survive and reproduce well below 55 degrees F. Tilapia thrives in warm regions like India, South Africa, Latin America and others.
Fish farming is profitable when there are many factors.
- Financial factors: feed costs, rent payment, labor costs…
- Technical and biological factors: temperature, water, type of pond, diseases…
- Other factors include the location of farms, demand and supply, holiday celebrations…
To make more profit, reduce your feed costs
Fish farms often spend up to 70% on feed. Proper feed management can reduce feed costs and increase profitability. It is cheaper to make fish feed pellets yourself than purchasing them from local fish shops for large- and medium-scale fish farms.
Different types of fish have slightly different requirements for vitamins, nutrients and minerals. You can tailor the food you prepare for certain fish to ensure that they have a healthy diet.
Here are some things to consider when starting a fish farming business
- First, find a suitable location to set up a fish farm. The most important aspect of any business is choosing the right site. Choose the location based on the species of fish being raised.
- Verify the soil quality. For commercial fish farming, you must have access to water. You should also ensure that your fish have a minimum of a 1-meter water retention for 6 months.
- Regularly inspect the pond walls. A broken pond wall must be avoided.
- Consider the local market demand and the agroclimatic conditions when choosing fish species.
- You need to find reliable suppliers of fish eggs, fish feed, and fingerlings. These are vital for the fish farming industry.
- You should verify the requirements for specific equipment and tools in your fish farm.
- Final, make sure to check for licensing and permission issues, if applicable.
Most Farmed Fish Species In Nigeria
In Nigeria, the aquaculture industry, which involves the raising, rearing and harvesting fish, saw a rise in production from 217,000 tonnes in 1999 to 316,000. This is a 1,400% increase in 25 years. Despite all this growth, catfish (which are usually grown in tanks and ponds) is still the most important species of aquaculture in Nigeria.
CHIEF Tayo Abakin, the National President of Catfish Association of Nigeria, stated that Nigeria had produced more than 370,000 metric tons of catfish in his speech at their 2016 annual meeting.
The Most Profitable Fish to Farm in USA
The top fish to farm in the US are tilapia, catfish, and salmon. Each is typically raised very differently from each other.
Tilapia is usually raised indoors. That’s because the fish requires constant warm water from 82-86 degrees F. The temperature range is critical. Too cold and they die.
Catfish are popular for outdoor ponds. They are comparatively easy to raise and disease-resistant.
Salmon are raised in the ocean or brackish water cages and pens. The market demand for salmon has steadily grown for the past 20 years.
The fastest growing sector of global food production is fish farming. It depends on many factors as to how profitable it is. To maximize your profits, you must first identify the most profitable fish that you can farm.