Indian aquaculture has seen a rise in recent years. In 2015, 1.5 million tons of aquatic feed was produced. This has made India a very attractive market. The Indian shrimp feed industry has seen dramatic changes since the introduction of whiteleg shrimp. New companies began to trade in the industry and existing feed businesses have expanded their production.
Current Situation in Shrimp Feed Production
India has 25 aquaculture enterprises. The main feed enterprises in India are CP Aquaculture and Avanti Feeds. Godrej Agrovet is also involved. Avanti Feeds and CP Aquaculture are market leaders. The two companies combined sold nearly 500 000 tons of shrimp feed in 2014. CP continues to invest in new feed processing plants as India’s demand is growing.
The main selling channels for feed processing plants are distributors and dealers. Breeding enterprises also purchase feed directly from the plant. Feed pants are looking for ways to increase their sales and market share by offering discounts. Feed can be sold in India on credit. However, small enterprises can lose their business if they have to borrow large amounts of money. Larger feed enterprises with strong financial resources will not survive. There is a difference in price between cash and credit. The retail price per kilogram of Southern whiteleg shrimp is $1.1-$1.4. Cash payment can be used to purchase feed, and farmers may get a discount of up to 10-15%.
Shrimp feed contained between 32-38% crude protein and 5-6% fat. However, some enterprises made sinking shrimp feed but were not very successful. Feed companies pay close attention to shrimp growth rates. The feed conversion rate for shrimp farming in ponds was between 1.5:1 and 2.0:1. Indian fish meal, bone meal, and soybean meal are all of different quality. As such, their prices fluctuate. The best raw materials for export are the highest quality. India prohibits imports of animal powder. The import tax rate for soybeans, corn, and wheat can reach 30-40%. Because of difficulties in procuring raw materials like krill mill, squid powder and soluble fish proteins, some are very expensive. Feed plants made many concessions when procuring raw materials in order to lower costs. Some small businesses don’t use premix. Others use livestock premix. Although most brand feed contains additives, these plants only use minimal doses which can lead to high prices. There are many hatcheries around India, and the feed business is also expanding. High quality shrimp, particularly SPF, are in high demand. Feeds Zeigler, INVE (USA), Biomar (Denmark), Nutreco (Norway), and other multinationals are all selling incubation feeds in India. TOKYO — Nippon Formula Feed Manufacturing. Produced and sold aquaculture feed in India in April 2015. This was due to the growing demand in Japan for seafood flags. However, it also grew quickly in emerging markets. Nippai, the Japanese company, will partner with Shalimar Pellet Feeds, an Indian feed manufacturer, to create a joint venture. Each of them will contribute half the 220 million rupees ($3.86million) capital. They were to spend approximately 800 million yen ($7.55million) on a plant in West Bengal, home to an thriving aquaculture sector. Venture sells feed for carp and whiteleg Shrimp to local farmers. It expects to make around 4 billion yen in fiscal 2018. According to Nippai, India is third in the world for cultured seafood production. Carp accounts for approximately 90% of all farmed fish. Japan is a big fan of whiteleg shrimp. India is emerging as a potential alternative source of rising production due to the spread of disease among aquaculture farmers in China and Southeast Asia.
How to make Shrimp Floating Feed Pellets
There are currently two main types of shrimp on the market: hard pellet feed and extruded food. The flat die and the szlh are used to produce hard particles. The flat die pelletizing machines have a simple structure, which results in low product quality and low yield. Commercial hard shrimp feed particles are mainly made by ring die pelletizing machines. After crushing and mixing the material, starch gellatinization and protein deaturation in steam conditioning functions, viscous force between the material was created. Finally, it was shaped by die hole and the granulating machine – fish feed extruder.
The raw material and formulation are silkworm excrement 2. 5%, rice bran 10 %, wheat bran 10 %, fish meal 48% and soybean cake 10%. Beer yeast 2%, compound vitamins premix 0. 5%, mineral premix 1%, feed binder 15
Mixing, transferring, extrusion puffing, transferring, drying, cooling, screening, spraying oil, seasoning and packaging are all part of the starting materials. You can find more information on Processing Technology and Equipment for Fish Feed at the same website.
What kind of feed is conducive to growth of shrimp and fish?
India is now the second largest aquaculture country in the world. The annual growth rate for aquaculture production will be 8% per year. Aquaculture technology is slowly combining floating expanded feed with aquaculture technology. The floating expanding fish feed is a sustainable way to grow aquaculture. It can increase the yield and economic efficiency of fish, as well as ensure the industry’s sustainability.
Extruded fish feed is a type of porous and fluffy fish feed. There are obvious benefits in terms of palatability as well as the ease of use. Extruded fish feed is being promoted due to the rapid growth of aquaculture. The expanded fish feed can be divided into three types: the expanded floating feed; the expanded slow sinking food and the expanded sinking food. Most fishes, including tilapia, are suitable for expanding floating fish feed.
- First, because expanded floating fish feed can float in the water for long periods of time, it’s easy to adjust the amount of food that fishes eat. The feeding situation can also be used to assess the health and growth of fishes.
- The extruded feed goes through high temperatures and high pressures to ensure the raw starch ripens, fat stability, and other benefits. It also damages and softens the fiber’s structure, cell walls and cell walls. This improves the feed utilization rate and palatability. Floating feed is a better option than powder feed as it can save between 10%-20% on material. The expanded feed can also be fragrant which can increase fish’s appetite.
- Expanded floating feed is a third option that can reduce water pollution and prevent waste. The floating time for high-quality feed is 12 hours. It can generally not be dissolved in less than 2 hours. It can prevent the nutrient from being wasted or sinking to the bottom of your pond. This also helps avoid any fermentation that could lead to water pollution.
- Last but not least, because floating feed has a low water content, it can be stored long-term.